Curriculum

Curriculum

Education has begun to transform rapidly in the recent years, but we believe we are still seeing only the beginnings of change. As an International School in Sri Lanka that is responsible and accountable to our own destiny, we also have to be alert to the changes that are taking place in the education systems around us.

From the very inception, Gateway took a decision to model our curriculum according to the English system of education. Being subjected to this well researched and time-tested curriculum, our students continue to excel both is school and thereafter.

The education systems world over are undergoing rapid change. There are many changes taking place in the United Kingdom too. Closer to home, especially in the Far East, we see the emergence of highly competitive systems. As a responsible educational organization, we cannot simply ignore what is happening around and be complacent, especially when we see that the economic dominance is shifting from the west to the east.
Our curriculum, therefore, should be considered as one that is not fixed as we make alterations whenever necessary. Gateway, however, has and always will, strive to offer a balanced curriculum that is aimed at the holistic development of every pupil.

The School Structure& Facilities

Having strengthened the position in the Primary and Secondary sectors, Gateway Collegehasalso gone into the tertiary sector, ushering in a new dimension to the institution where we provide education from Play Group (2 ½ years+) to Degree Level, with a new focus and theme – “Foundation to Graduation”. Opportunities for tertiary education as well as guidance and counseling for higher education overseas are provided by the Gateway Graduate School.

The structure of Gateway College is as follows:

  Stage School Year Recommended Age
Primary Foundation Stage Play Group 2 ½ + to 3+
Nursery 3+ to 4+
Kindergarten 4+ to 5+
Key Stage 1 Year 1 5+ to 6+
Year 2 6+ to 7+
Key Stage 2 Year 3 7+ to 8+
Year 4 8+ to 9+
Year 5 9+ to 10+
Year 6 10+ to 11+
Secondary Key Stage 3 Year 7 11+ to 12+
Year 8 12+ to 13+
Year 9 13+ to 14+
Key Stage 4 Years 10 & 11 14+ to 16+
( IGCSE)
Advanced Level Years 12 & 13 16+ to 18+
(AS and A2)

With state-of-the-art facilities and a guarantee of not more than 25 students to a class, Gateway assures the best for every student. Gateway enjoys accredited teaching centre status from Edexcel - UK, Cambridge International Examinations (CIE) and NCC Education – UK, enabling the school to conduct all examinations in-house.

Our Foundation Schools consists of many colourful classrooms with separate reading corners, a spacious music room, a multipurpose room with a mini library, an IT suite and an indoor play room. The outdoor play area is equipped with the most modern equipment to provide meaningful physical development for kids.

Primary and Secondary schoolsare equipped with modern student friendly libraries, Science laboratories, Design and Technology laboratories, rooms for Art and Crafts, Dance, Drama, Music, an Auditoriumand several ICT suites. Beautifully landscaped play areas are a special feature of the school.

Interactive Whiteboards are considered to be an excellent resource for not only visual learners but for Auditory and Kinesthetic learners as well. Gateway therefore has made necessary investments to encourage all teachers from Kindergarten level to Advanced Level to use this new tool. With the provisionof Internet access to all classrooms in the Secondary School, the teaching and learning at Gateway has reached greater heights.

All our schools are powered with ‘School-On-Line (SOL)’, our own fully web based school management system that has been developed and managed by Gateway Consultancy Services. Through SOL, most of our processes are fully automated.

Academics

The outstanding academic performances of our students bring to light that the systems and processes we have built over the years are now paying dividends. Even though we have modelled our curriculum according to the English system of education, we have always had an open mind to embrace good practices from any part of the world, including Sri Lanka. We constantly revise and review our systems to suit our students and our country.

ICT and Computing has become an integral component of the teaching and learning process at all levels. In this regard, we are fortunate that the ‘Computer Poineers’ (CP) curriculum that has been designed and developed by the Gateway Kids School of Computing and fully endorsed by Edexcel UK, is incorporated into our school curriculum. Through CP, our students receive the most up-to-date training that in areas such as Robotics, Animation, Data Logging, Control etc. that supports STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) learning. Through this well-structured programme that has an international reach, students are able to receive certification from Edexcel UK, at the end of every academic year.

In addition to meeting the requirements of the English National Curriculum, we have encompassed other aspects of learning to provide our children the necessary exposure to values and traditions of Sri Lanka. The History curriculum in all three Key Stages has a Sri Lankan component introduced such that the students learn about their own country in addition to Europe and the rest of the world.

Gateway believes that Parents should play an important role in the child’s academic progress and strongly considers them as their Partners in Progress. In this respect, the school expects the parents to participate in the regular Parent-Teacher interactions and monitor the child’s performance at home.

Primary School

The contribution made by our Primary School that consists of Foundation, Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 sections is more evident today than ever before. As a young school, it is only now that we have students who have had their complete Primary Education at Gateway College, sitting the IGCSE and Advanced Level examinations.  Their performanceat these examinations can be considered exemplary.

Foundation Stageis a distinct stage, and is important both in its own right and in preparing children for later schooling. Gateway’s curriculum is carefully structured with provision at the Play Group for the different starting points, and, thereafter, to continuously build at Nursery and Kindergarten. The curriculum at Foundation stage is essentially a mixed one bringing in the best practices from Montessori, Pre-School methods etc. Various themes incorporated throughout the year make learning fun and exciting.

Early years learning at Foundation Stage concentrates on 7 areas split between prime and specific areas of learning.

The prime areas of learning are:

  • communication and language
  • physical development
  • personal, social and emotional development

The specific areas of learning are:

  • literacy
  • mathematics
  • understanding the world
  • expressive arts and design

At Play Group, we practisethe concept of ‘Learn through Play’. Well planned play, both indoors and outdoors, is a key way in which young children learn with enjoyment and challenge. During the two years at Nursery and Kindergarten, children are provided with the necessary support to reach the early learning goals. ICT (Computing), swimming and athletics are introduced at Kindergarten level.

The curriculum at Key Stage 1, is carefully planned out to ensure that the child not only gets the right start, but also a bright one. Just as in the Foundation Stage, we provide a caring environment, with two members of experienced and trained staff in each class, to ensure every child gets the correct guidance required at this tender age. With modern techniques, up-to-date facilities, best of care and loving staff, we ensure that childrenreceive personalized attention.

Subject areas covered at Key Stage 1 include:
Core subjects: English, Mathematics and Science
Foundation subjects: Computing, Design and Technology (D&T), History, Geography, Art & Design, Music and Physical Education
Others: Sinhala, Tamil, Drama, Oriental Dance, Religion (Buddhism/Christianity/Roman Catholicism/ Islam/Hinduism) and Swimming.

The Key Stage 2 curriculum continues to build, stimulate and promote pupils’ knowledge, understanding and skills in a variety of subjects in order to prepare them for a wider school curriculum in later years. In order to meet this objective, the school introduces subject teachers at this level.

Subject areas covered at Key Stage 2 include:
Core subjects: English, Mathematics and Science
Foundation subjects: Computing, Design and Technology (D&T), History, Geography, Art & Design, Music, French and Physical Education
Others: Sinhala, Tamil, Drama, Oriental Dance and Religion (Buddhism/Christianity/Roman Catholicism/ Islam/Hinduism).

There is much emphasis on the three core subjects during this stage. At Year 6, at the end of this Key Stage, the school prepares all learners to take either the Edexcel Achievement tests or the Cambridge Primary Checkpoints in English, Mathematics and Science. These non-competitive tests that are in line with the Key Stage tests or the 11+ examinations in the UK,are held for benchmarking and diagnostic purposes.It is encouraging to see our students reaching high levels of achievement at these end of Key Stage assessments. It is pleasing to note that our results of these tests are comparable only to the best of independent schools in the United Kingdom.

Secondary School

At Secondary Level, we continue to have both breadth and the depth in our provisions. The students are provided with many choices, enabling them to experience a wide variety of disciplines.

The adolescent age group that forms Key Stage 3 can be challenging in many aspects. Much planning and effort has gone into Key Stage 3, to improve student engagement in academics and co-curricular activities. We are pleased to see that many initiatives that have been put in place over the years impacting positively in the academic performances of our students and is reflected in their examination results.

Subject areas covered at Key Stage 3 include:
Core subjects: English Language & Literature, Mathematics and Science
Foundation subjects: Computing, History, Geography, Art & Design, Music, French, Citizenship and Physical Education
Others: Sinhala, Tamil and Business Studies

Having realized our strengths in Science, a few years ago, we took a decision to reduce a year from the Programme of Study in Science. As a result, students of Gateway take the end of Key Stage test in Science a year ahead of their counterparts in the UK, making provision for the broadening of Science and Business subjects at Key Stage 4. This is one instance where we have re-structured the curriculum to suit our purpose but within the English National Curriculum framework.

The performance of our students thus far, at Edexcel Achievement tests and the Cambridge Secondary Checkpoints in English, Mathematics and Science have been very encouraging.

Students are able to take two modules of the International Computer Driving Licence (ICDL) at Year 8 and begin developing their ICDL Profile qualifications that are internationally recognized.

Considering their interest in the use of ICT, the school is making substantial investments to encourage the students of Key Stage 3 to use e-Learning. It is our belief that engaging them in learning will make them focus more on using ICT in a purposeful manner. 

As the first school that introduced Edexcel IGCSE in Sri Lanka, we look back with satisfaction on how we have been able to offer a broad curriculum to our students at Key Stage 4and how they have benefitted from it. In line with the thinking of the Independent Schools in the UK, we discourage early specialization and at this stage encourage our students to take a variety of subjects from different disciplines.

Few subjects offered at Key Stage 4 are actually taught from Year 9. They are ICT, Business  Communication and Science & Business related subjects. This enables students to take IGCSEs in ICT and Business Communication at the end of Year 10. Such practice helps students to reduce the burden at Year 11 and take the remaining subjects with more confidence.

Table below shows the subjects offered at Key Stage 4. all combinations may not be available in all our schools.


     Subjects
     English Language
     Mathematics
     ICT
     Business Communications
     Physics      Accounting
     Chemistry      Business Studies
     Biology      Economics
     Human Biology      GCSE Science      Further Pure Math
     Sinhala      French      Drama
     History      Art      Psychology
     Geography      English Lit      Btec Sport

The school carries out a “Conversion Course” for the few students who qualify and meet the entry criteria to make direct entry to Advanced Level after sitting for the Sri Lanka OL. This course conducted every year from January to April, coaches students for a few IGCSEs including English Language and Mathematics. During the Conversion Course, students are encouraged to study ICT and qualify in ICDL too.

At Advanced Level, Gateway College offers a comprehensive selection of educational choices, enabling parents and students to choose the best education program for academic growth and success. They have been arranged in a way where even uncommon combinations of subjects can be taken to suit students’ future careers. Students also have the option of taking 3 Advanced Level subjects along with a Diploma and thereby fast tracking their degree studies.  An additional International Foundation Programme is available for students who wish to take an accelerated learning pathway from O levels to university degree entry.

Table below shows the subjects offered at Advanced Level where students are required to choose a subject/course from each of the four columns. all combinations may not be available in all our schools.

A B C D

Pure Mathematics for
Further Maths
(C1,C2,C3,) + (C4, FP1,FP2)

Further Maths (A2)
(M1,M2,S1) + (FP3,M3,M4)

Mathematics
(C1,C2,S1) + (C3,C4,M1)

Mathematics
(C1,C2,S1) + (C3,C4,M1)

Geography

Mathematics
(C1,C2,M1) + (C3,C4,S1)

Chemistry

Chemistry

Physics

Physics

Physics

English Language & Literature

Biology

Biology

Applied ICT

Business Studies

Economics

Accounting

Accounting

Economics

Business Studies

Psychology

French

Level 4 - Diploma in Computing (DIC)

 

Level 4 -
Diploma in Business (DIB)

Psychology


It is very interesting to see that the students are taking full advantage of the choices given to them and are taking up very innovative and novel subject combinations in keeping with trends worldwide. The College encourages the students who wish to pursue demanding careers such as Medicine, Engineering and Law to take 4 AL subjects.

Students taking only 3 subjects are able to take a Diploma that forms the first year of a British Degree in Computing or Business Management. They are the Diploma in Computing (DIC) and the Diploma in Business (DIB), awarded by NCC Education, UK. Following the completion of Advanced Level and the Diploma, they can then proceed to complete the second year of the Degree (International Advanced Diploma) at the Gateway Graduate School. On completion of the second year, they may continue to do their final year at a British University overseas. Arrangements are also being made to provide the option of completing the final year in Sri Lanka.

It is encouraging to see that the school’s academic achievements at Key Stage 4 and Advanced Level are on an upward trend. All students  achieve a near 100% pass all their subjects. Over the years, we have had many high flyers who have obtained outstanding results whose performances have got them to the best of Universities in the world.

Sports

Gateway continues to excel in the field of sports. It is fair to say that, in many sports, we have moved beyond the International School arena and are competing with the best of state and private schools. We also see the emergence of a few boys and girls representing Sri Lanka at international events.

Our approach has always been two fold. On one hand, we want every Gateway child to be involved in sport. It is with this objective that swimming has been made a part of our curriculum from Kindergarten to Year 2. Kids Athletic, the annual event where all kids from Years 1 to 6 take part is also carried out with the same purpose. On the other hand, we want our skilled sports men and women to be competitive and achieve the best for themselves, the school and the country.

The strengthening of the Inter House competitions has raised both the interest and skill levels of students in various games. The school offers 12 games and it is heartening to see that Gateway College has been within the top 4 in almost all sports. The Colors Award ceremony is held every year, where excellence in sports of all Gateway schools is rewarded. The highest award for sports at Gateway is the ‘Dove’.

The following sports are offered at Gateway. All sports listed may not be available in all our schools.


Athletics
Gateway has a fair amount of dominance in Athletics. We have always been among the top two schools at the International Schools Athletic Championship (ISAC). Many of our students go on to compete at Zonal, Provincial and National level. ShehanAmbepitiya, the Junior Commonwealth Triple Gold Winner is a proud product of Gateway.

Basketball
Gateway has gained national level recognition in Basketball. We have been within the top four schools in the country both at All Island and JathikaPasal competitions. All our schools are fortunate to have their own courts.

Badminton
Having our own courts to international standards, Badminton at Gateway is making steady progress and we have had students who have represented the country.

Chess
Chess has had a remarkable improvement in the last few years for Gateway to be within the first two schools in the International School circuit. It is pleasing to see some of our youngsters reaching the stars to play at national level.

Cricket
As always, cricket remains to be one of the most popular sports at Gateway. At inter international school level, we have a tradition of being one of the most competitive schools.

Football
Participation and enthusiasm for football has grown immensely over the last few years resulting in Gateway being very successful at Inter International Schools Championships.

Karate
As a sport that was introduced recently, Karate is seen to be an emerging sport even though a few individual students have performed exceptionally well at District, Province and National Championships.

Netball
Gateway continues to be dominant at Netball in the International Schools arena. There has never been a tournament where Gateway has not made its presence felt.

Rowing
Gateway College has its own fleet of Boats at the Colombo Rowing Club to promote the sport of Rowing. The Boats are named Victory, Invincible, Challenger, Endeavour, Yamato and Mayflower taken from the famous Battleships of the past. The fleet of boats and equipment include: two Fours that can be converted to Quadruple Sculls, two pairs that can be converted to Double Sculls, two Single Sculls, two Concept 2 Ergo meters, 14 Sweep Oars and 12 Sculls from ‘CROKER’ Australia.

Triumvirate, the Triangular Regatta among three leading schools; Gateway College, Asian International School and Bishop’s College is an annual event. We have also started to compete at the All Island Inter School Rowing competition.

Swimming
We are very proud of our continuous improvements in swimming. All schools are making plans to have their own pools in the near future and we have little doubt that we will be in top gear by then. The commitment of our swimmers have taken us to the very top in the international school arena.

Table Tennis
There is much interest in the sport but the lack of competitions hinders the progress of the sport.

Tennis
Tennis is beginning to see an improvement, especially among the young ones.

Squash
Squash is one of the most recent sports added to the list of sports at Gateway College, Colombo. Within a very short period, both boys and girls, have showed good progress enabling us to enter several tournaments.

Co-curricular Activities

Our ambitious co-curricular programme includes many Clubs and Societies. There is much variety between our schools in the offering of these activities as each school has their own domains. Students acquire a lot of soft skills by being involved in these programmes. Co-curricular activities are particularly good at providing opportunities for students to work in teams, to exercise leadership, and to take the initiative themselves. They naturally make students more attractive to universities and to potential employers.

Just as sports are recognised at the annual Colors Awards ceremony, co-curricular activities are recognized at the College Awards day. Gateway also encourages students to take part in both national and international events in this sphere of activity. The recent success of our team at the Colombo based Model United Nations (COMUN) where Gateway emerged as the ‘Best School’ and the participation of our MUN teams at Harvard MUN and MUN at the Hague are examples of the schools’ focus on developing this sector. The traditional curricula are not without gaps and the strengthening of co-curricular activities to a large extent helps us to fill such voids

Clubs and Societies offered at Gateway include:

Gateway College Clubs & Societies
  Rajagiriya Kandy Negombo Dehiwala
Key
Stage 1
English Literary Oriental Dance Club Dancing & Ballet Club English Literary
  Art & Craft Art & Crafts Club Art Club Ballet
  Oriental Dance Choir Club Choir Club Choir
  Ballet Bharatha Natyam Club Poetry Club  
    Scrabble Club    
    Chess Club    
         
Key
Stage 2
English Literary Choir Junior Choir Club English Literary
  Junior Choir Oriental Dance Club Dancing & Ballet Club Drama
  Western Dance Art & Crafts Club Junior English Club Ballet
  Junior Band Chess Club Art & Pottery Club Choir
  Oriental Dance Orchestra   Poetry Club
  Cubs Scouts Scrabble Club    
  Art & Craft LMD Club    
  Little Friends    
  Sculpture    
         
Secondary Buddhist Society Choir Senior Choir Club English Literary
  Christian Society Community Service  Club Young Entrepreneurs Club Interact Club
  Islamic Society Geo Bees Club Sea Scouting Drama
  Hindu Society Band Drama Club Choir
  Sinhala Society Interact Club School Social
Responsibilities – SSR Club
Band
  French Society Scrabble Club   Media
  History Society (inc. MUN) Buddhist Society  

History (inc. MUN)

  Geography Society Christian Society   Community Services
 

Science Society

Islamic Society    
  Environmental Society Hindu Society    
  Mathematics Society Environmental Society    
  Computer Society Computer Society    
  English Literary & Drama Society Science Society    
  Broadcasting Unit Media Club    
  Art Society      
  The Business Club      
  Debating Society      
  Astronomical Society      
  Aviation Club      
  Community Service Society      
  Journalists' Club      
  Interact Club      
  General Knowledge      
  Quiz Club      

 

Afternoon Activities
In today's highly competitive world, children have to bear a lot of mental stress. Afternoon activities can also be helpful in consolidating student learning in a more relaxed atmosphere. Students are provided with the opportunity of being creative and expressive, be civic minded, and enhance their talents and recognize and value talents of others.

It is pleasing to see our school alive even after school hours. The after school activities of Gateway make the school vibrant with a range of programs such as Ballet, Oriental Dance, Western Dance, Little Friends, Scouting,Guiding, Sculpture, Art & Crafts, Electronics, Junior and Senior Bands, and Junior and Senior Choirs. We are encouraged to see that our dear children engage themselves in all these activities with no interruption to their academic work at all.

Religious and Cultural Activities
Being multi-cultural and multi-religious is a part of our identity. We believe that it is through this identity that we should inculcate Sri Lankan values where they grow up respecting beliefs and practices of one another.

All four religions – Buddhist, Christian, Hindu and Islamic, are allocated a minute each for the reciting religious scripts or hymns immediately after the interval. The implementation of this new initiative has contributed towards creating a calm and peaceful mind among our children.

The vesak lantern competition, Bhakthi Gee, the Sil Campaign of the Secondary and the Dhamma discussion of the Primary organized by the Buddhist Society, the enlightening Islamic day held by the Islamic Society, the Carols that generates the Christmas cheer and spirit and the ‘Christian Splendor’,  that celebrates praise and worship organized by the Christian Society and the glamorous Saraswathi Pooja and the colorful ‘Holi’ festival that is conducted by the Hindu Society are annual events at Gateway. Avurudu celebration in April is one of those events that the entire school – both Primary and the Secondary look forward to.

Social Responsibility and Being Compassionate

It is heartening to see the entire Gateway Group focusing on Community Service as one of their priorities.With the formation of the Community Service Society of the school, we are beginning to see a much greater emphasis of service to the community from our own students. ‘Each One Reach One’, a concept that originated from our own students has made us all realize that Gateway students are shaping their lives according to the ethos of the school.

The key CSR projects that the Gateway Group has been involved with so far have been the re-building of the tsunami devastated C.W.W.KannangaraVidyalaya and the management of ‘Gateway Achievers’, a school for children with learning disabilities.

We recently launched two new awards at the College Awards Day for Community Service and for Peer Learning. The Award for Peer Learning is to recognize selfless support by students to their colleagues.

Preparing for University

Through the direct links of the Gateway Graduate Schoolas well as through the Fulbright Commission, the British Council and Austrade, we invite Universities of repute to visit us and educate our students about what they could offer. We are pleased to see more and more of our students getting into the Ivy League universities in the US, the Russell Group in the UK and the G8 universities in Australia.

We are also aware that many destinations such as Australia and UK are getting increasingly difficult for our students due to increased costs and visa restrictions. Today, we witness a trend where students seek newer options. Looking to the future, we at Gateway,through our Graduate School, have taken a strategic decision to establish close relationships with a few selected Universities that are of high quality but are also affordable. Examples of such Universities are The Nottingham University in Malaysia, The University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the Hong Kong University.

We are fortunate to have the services of the Gateway Graduate School that carry out regular sessions for students, both group-wise as well as one-to-one, to assist them in career guidance, university selection and preparing university applications.

University camps are useful for students to get a feel of what University life is, long before they start applying to them. These camps are also helpful for them to see the choices of courses that are available and to start focusing on them while they are still in school. Another important aspect of preparing for University is ‘work experience’. Gateway Graduate School looks into these aspects regularly to provide our students with the best of opportunities.\

Teachers as Activators

Gateway is blessed to have a great team of teachers who are devoted to the wellbeing of every single child. We believe that the teacher’s role in future will be even more significant. The school identifies ‘quality improvement of teachers’ as a priority area. We want our teachers to be activators more than being mere facilitators. As activators of learning, we will have to offer constant feedback, set challenging goals, and constantly monitor learning. With all the adverse effects of technology, our role in ‘pastoral care’ too will be raised to a higher level. 

As a part of our constant desire to adapt and improve, every year, the staff attends a two day training programme in one of the popular resorts in the country. The outing has a good blend of learning and fun. This annual gathering is an event that all teachers look forward to, for them to get to know each other and build bridges between the four schools.Further, in-house Staff Development Programmesare carried out on a continued basis aimed at improving the Teaching and Learning Process.
Gateway Graduate School has now established itself as the most sought after teacher training school in the private sector. With the recent introduction of the MA in Education, offered by the University of Nottingham and many other Diploma and Certificate courses awarded by Edexcel UK, Gateway teachers have easy access to upgrade their professional skills. As an organization that has made a name for ICT both locally and Internationally, Gateway has also provided continuous support to their teachers to develop their ICT skillsby taking qualifications such as ICDL (International Computer Driving Licence). It is encouraging to see Gateway teachers increasingly incorporating ICT into their day to day teaching. 

Gateway has always had an important focus on Research and Development. Within the school, the teachers have published course books at Primary level in Science, History, Geography, Design and technology etc. In addition, Student Guides have been prepared for Advanced Level Physics and Chemistry.

In the field of ICT, Gateway is proud to be partnering Edexcel UK in the delivery of Computer Pioneers, an entire Computer training program for schools that is delivered locally as well as globally.

School History and Ethos

Gateway College was established in 1997 in a converted house with 33 students and 8 members in the tutorial staff. In January 2005, the school decided to change from Gateway International School to Gateway College signaling a new era in the history of the school and in the International School System of Education in Sri Lanka. 

In 2013, a decision was made to change the school motto from ‘Gateway to Knowledge’ to ‘Gateway to Learning’. The decision that was taken after much thought, signifies our vision in educating our children as we believe that the one skill that will be required for the future, is the skill of being able to learn.

Provision of learning of the highest global standards while retaining the culture of the land was the raison d’etre for the establishment of Gateway College. Gateway proudly proclaims that it is an international school in a Sri Lankan environment. The school has taken meaningful initiatives to inculcate in the minds of children, be they Sri Lankan or of other Nationalities, a sense of belonging and love for their Motherland and respect for its customs, norms and values.

Students engage themselves in daily religious observances and a variety of religious, charitable and social service activities throughout the year. All Gateway students are exhorted to pay obeisance to their parents daily according to the customs of the community they belong to. The student teacher relationship in the school is essentially friendly and the management style is firm, friendly and fair.